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." >> this is bbc world news america, reporting from washington. our gaddafi forces on the run? rebels appeared to turn the tide in brown fighting and are now trying to take the libyan strongman hometown. inside japan's nuclear effect erasion zone, a rare look at the desolate area near the crippled reactor, even as word comes up new leaks of highly radioactive water. defining the american dream. we begin a special series examining the experience is of those who have come to call the u.s. home. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and also around the globe. in libya, state television is reporting you allied air strikes tonight, even as anti-government rebels) on what could be an important symbolic victory after a weekend of military gains. there have been moving steadily west, retaking towns they had earlier lost, moving from benghazi, the rebels are now in control of three other towns. the biggest victory could be the capture of sirte, colonel gaddafi's home town. >> taking the fight to colonel gaddafi's birthplace. rebels pounding targets near the town of sirte. a victory here would have h
," broadcast on pbs in america and elsewhere around the world. my name is mike embley. another day of rage in yemen, but the president tells the u.s. to stop interfering. and he is known for shaquita andino -- shocking o on the catwalk, but dior has fired john galliano. hello again. in libya, colonel gaddafi is making efforts to shore up areas around capital of tripoli. u.s. secretary of state hillary clinton is warning that the country could go into a protracted civil war. jeremy bowen says that gaddafi says there are no demonstrations against him, and jeremy has a different account of how peaceful the city is. >> colonel gaddafi supporters were in the town to wave off the convoy. they say his authority will be restored. >> forever. forever. >> the regime's power is concentrated in the capital. colonel gaddafi has genuine support here, but there are protesters in tripoli, too. this is the center of the city, and green square. authorities say the foreign media has not been showing signs like these because they are wrongly portrayed in libya as chaotic and violent. here in tripoli, it is no
in the people at toyota, all across america. chevron. we may have more in common than you think. and by bnsf railway. and by the bill and melinda gates foundation. dedicated to the idea that all people deserve the chance to live a healthy, productive life. and with the ongoing support of these institutions and foundations. and... this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> ifill: the libyan rebels' drive to oust moammar qaddafi reached the outskirts of his hometown and tribal base today. fighting erupted outside the city of sirte, home to 100,000 people. it's a key stronghold guarding the approaches to tripoli, 225 miles away. the rebels had already rolled up a series of eastern cities in a lightning advance over the weekend, behind a curtain of coalition air strikes. we have a report from outside sirte from lindsey hilsum of independent television news. >> reporter: they're fighting just east of sirte, colonel qaddafi's birth place. the rebels who swept up the road yesterday found hi
>> this is "bbc world news america." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." on the run -- muammar gaddafi's minister has defective while rebels are running away from a government offensive on the ground. >> we have to join the rebel forces falling back. they manage to go a short distance up the road before we came under fire. >> hanging on -- the president of assyria offers a defiant response against his rule and his of -- his security forces set out to enforce it. and a billion fans as india and pakistan face-off in cricket's the stakes go well beyond the playing field. >> welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. just a few weeks ago, the rebels in libya appeared to hav
with the president of georgia, talking about his relationship with russia and the events of 2008. >> america's main value for peoples like us, and there are many of us out there, right s that america, besides having power or economic leverage, it's also an idea t is a much bigger than than just another country. that is what makes america so strong. there is more freedomses it there in the world, it's much more pragmatic. and that's, i think there is nothing that can stop freedom. it's inevitable this is going to happen. and america should lead it. and i think should not be scared of it. >> rose: we conclude with film producer peter guber talking about the art mhuc storytelling. >> i had it backyards. i spent 35 or 36 years about storytelling. and i realized that the secret sauce was telling purposeful stories, using that as emotional transportation. and that looking at the people you want to act together or work with you or be a customer or clients or join your church or whatever, that they aim with the heart and what you have to aim at the heart is the story, not the facts and information. importa
at toyota, all across america. >> auto companies make huge profits. >> last year, chevron made a lot of money. >> where does it go? >> every penny and more went into bringing energy to the world. >> the economy is tough right now, everywhere. >> we pumped $21 million into local economies, into small businesses, communities, equipment, materials. >> that money could make a big difference to a lot of people. >> and by the bill and melinda gates foundation. dedicated to the idea that all people deserve the chance to live a healthy productive life. and with the ongoing support of these institutions and foundations. and... this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> lehrer: the international campaign of air strikes extended deep into libya today. french warplanes claimed a kill in the no-fly zone. they also raided far south of tripoli to disrupt the flow of mercenaries to the government side. elsewhere, rebels reported gains ithe embattled port of misrata killing 30 government snip
documentary, all of this was avoidable? >> well, it is horrible, of course. america went through 40 years without any financial crisis when regulation was much tighter, and banking was not quite so exciting. you know, banking has got an exciting in a very dangerous way, and we have to return to a much more regulated financial sector. i hope that the american people will become upset enough and angry enough and informed enough and activist enough to do something about this. tavis: you mentioned president bush in your indictment of what went wrong. this is not a republican problem. there is blame for the clinton administration, blamed for the obama administration. talk about the bipartisan nature of this crisis. >> it is a fairly bipartisan problem at this point. many of us, including myself, were deeply disappointed with president obama's behavior. he said things during his campaign that led us to believe he would take action about this, and when people voted for him and contributed to his campaign, i think many thought these issues would be addressed, and it has been a huge disappointment
are the stories in tonight's "n.b.r. newswheel." bank of america sparked confidence on wall street-- the dow rose 124 points, the nasdaq added 20, and the s&p 500 was up 11. trading volume fell back below a billion shares on the nyse, and came in under two billion shares on the nasdaq. bank of america says no to new acquisitions. instead, the bank wants to focus on returning value to shareholders. at its first investor day conference since the financial crisis, c.e.o. brian moynihan said he'll do that through cost cuts, dividends and share buybacks. no word yet on an emergency meeting by opec. oil ministers are holding informal talks, but they haven't decided yet to call an emergency meeting addressing rising oil prices and escalating violence in member country libya. still ahead-- with more americans cooking at home, housewares are hot. we get the latest from the annual home and housewares show in chicago. >> susie: as we just reported, stocks surged higher today. it may be hard to believe the dow is now sitting comfortably above 12,000. there is some debate on wall street about whether the bull
a hollywood storyline. it's happening every day, all across america. every time a storefront opens. or the midnight oil is burned. or when someone chases a dream, not just a dollar. they are small business owners. so if you wanna root for a real hero, support small business. shop small. captioning sponsored by rose communications from our studios in new york city, this is charlie rose. >> rose: we begin with an update on the crisis in libya with richard engel of nbc news. first this, speaking at a joint press conference in chile, president obama defended the air strikes. >> i think it's very easy to square our military actions and our stated policies. our military action is in support of an international mandate from the security council that specifically focuses on the humanitarian threat posed by colonel qaddafi to his people. i also have stated that it is u.s. policy that qaddafi needs to go go. and we've got a wide range of tools in our military efforts to support that policy. we were very rapid in initiating unilateral sanctions and then helping to mobilize international sanct
or on american about holding these hearings. >> the king hearings on muslims in america. >> i am concerned that today's hearings may increase suspicion on the muslim american community. >> in wisconsin, the state senate votes to restrict collective bargaining rights from public workers. >> this is about protecting the middle class in a way that avoids massive tax increases and laos. >> in washington, congress tries to get its budget act together. >> we have to start prioritizing spending. >> ragtag forces in libya hang on. should the u.s. intervene? and national public radio shoots itself in the foot again. >> let me say at the outset we are putting this program together on friday as we are getting the details on the earthquake and tsunami in japan. we do not have a lot to add other than modern science and technology has allowed scientists on the west coast and in hawaii to warn residents that the tsunami was coming. as always, the u.s. navy is ready to respond to events in the pacific with the military relief. the program is called "inside wash.." let me begin in washington. it has been a
of companies. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> this is bbc world news america reporting from washington. gaddafi must go, that is the unanimous conclusion of leaders gathered in london even as fierce fighting continues in the viet itself. >> -- in this libya itself. >> there is sustained artillery fire and the rebels are sustaining a position just ahead. >> he fired his entire cabinet and prepares to address his citizens. >and have you heard that there s a world wedding in the works -- royal wedding in the works? just a month ago until the big day. -- a month to go until the big day. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. we are here to help the libyan people in their hour of need, that is help british prime minister david cameron describe the mission against gaddafi's forces today in london. and while the wheel of diplomacy continues to spin, on the ground where it counts, rebel forces are still facing stiff resistance from the libyan leader. tonight, coverage on both fronts and it starts with the battle -- the bbc middle east. it starts with jer
in america today. it's called america's decline. or america's competitiveness. that's what the president spoke to in the state of the union, and all kinds of people are debating this subject now. it has to do with the rise of china and india and the economic growth of those emergeing nations. it has to do with the fact that technology has no respect for boundaries, which we are discovering in the middle east right now, right? >> absolutely. >> rose: where do you come down on that in terms of america? because you're leaving america. >> america has had great natural resources, huge amount of land, and that's been extremely important in its growth. but it also has respected science and innovation, and we see great growth areas in california and the boston area, in particular. and i think america recognizes the importance of human capital. that is, intellectual capital and the generation of ideas. but it needs more nurturing. i mean, science education in the u.s. is not up to scratch. and -- >> what does that mean "not up to scratch?" >> it's just not generating enough educated individuals,
turning purple, and then into the blackness of space. >> welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the world. as gaddafi pact military makes gains, his political allies are in retreat. one foreign minister publicly renounced his ex-boss today and more are reportedly considering the same. defections began yesterday when moussa koussa abandoned his job, fled his country, and perhaps began to spill the beans. his move has been trumpeted by david cameron as a sign gaddafi's regime is crumbling from within. coverage begins with our middle east editor. >> moussa koussa was intelligence chief, and then foreign minister. his colleagues in tripoli should follow him out, the prime minister said. >> the decision by the former libyan foreign minister to come to london, to resign his position, is a decision by someone at the top. it tells a compelling story of the desperation and fear at the heart of the crumbling and rodham gaddafi regime. >> back in libya, officials were shrugging off the significance of his exit. >> he is an old man. he has serious health problems. his heart, his
viewers on pbs in america, also around the globe. my name is mike embley. coming up later for you -- more fears that the fukushima dai-ichi nuclear plant is raising radiation levels in the sea surrounding it. and a man undergoes a full face transplant. hello. colonel gaddafi's government in libya is telling reporters that foreign attacks that killed many people at ports and at the airport, which it describes as the series -- as a civilian airport. the government also says the last rebel stronghold in the west of the country has fallen to gaddafi loyalists. earlier, gaddafi troops were accused of firing on civilians. there is no doubt that a third night of bombardment is under way. this is the scene in the capitol. attacks on the first two nights were at a series of libyan targets, including colonel gaddafi's compound. but coalition leaders including president obama insisted the mission is not regime change. >> already in the war has come to the heart of the gaddafi's regime, to his own compound. we heard the hard, metallic flood of the missile strike as anti-aircraft firebreak the sky. in
says that's because america's economic rebound remains on course. >> the u.s. economy is at a stage in the business cycle where it is actually accelerating to the upside. events in japan will not derail that acceleration, and therefore with the u.s. economy demanding more the rest of the world will be lifted by that. >> reporter: in 2010 japan's total output of goods and service ran at $5.7 trillion. a hefty number by world standards, but still only a third of u.s. g.d.p. for other experts, it's simply too early to say how much of an impact friday's disaster will have on economies around the world. the devastation struck the northeast region of japan, which by some estimates accounts for 7% to 8% of the nation's g.d.p. experts say it's likely to take years to rebuild that area. what worries economist bob brusca is what we don't yet know about what comes out of the area's plants or factories. >> the question is beyond that whether there is anything made in this region that is specific or unique to industries that the world now is going to be without. there are semiconductor plants in
? america is first among equals, as they say, in nato, so if we step back, who's stepping up? >> let's look at the two parts. to hand off the no-fly zone, it's pretty easy. once you've established it, that's pretty easy to do. there'll be american surveillance planes and american intelligence involved, but it'll be run by a canadian. the second half, the no drive zone, that's actually where the application of military power is going to start pushing, is already pushing against gaddafi and the united states is still in the lead in that. and they haven't quite figured out a clean way to hand it off to anybody else. today the pentagon was talking about possibly using helicopters and ac-130's, slow-flying, tactical aircraft that get awful close in. that's going to look like combat. >> who are the people, assuming they can displace ka due fee, who do they have in mind to replace him? >> that's the five bazillion dollar question. one thing the white house terrorism advisor is most worried about is we don't know who the libyan rebels are. you saw, and this could well have been an attempt by al qae
, which was held down by bank of america. b. of a. was the biggest loser of the dow industrials, after acknowledging the federal reserve rejected its plan to increase its stock dividend. that rejection cost b. of a. shareholders over 1.5% today. bank of america was paying out 64 cents per share per quarter before the financial crisis. currently it pays shareholders one penny a quarter. director of research at k.b.w., fred cannon, thinks b. of a. may have been too aggressive in wanting to hike its dividend for the fed's tastes. he doesn't expect much of a hike at all this year. >> we think it may be a penny or two a share. if they have a dividend this year, it's going to be something relatively deminimus-- something like citigroup did, and not at all like what we saw the significant increases we saw at j.p. morgan wells fargo and u.s. bancorp. >> reporter: those three did raise their dividends with the federal reserve's blessing. citi fell two cents. j.p. morgan was up a fraction, holding on to its recent gains since announcing its dividend hike. and u.s. bancorp slipped a penny. again,
's happening every day, all across america. every time a storefront opens. or the midnight oil is burned. or when someone chases a dream, not just a dollar. they are small business owners. so if you wanna root for a real hero, support small business. shop small. captioning sponsored by rose communications from our studios in new york city, this is charlie rose. >> rose: this is singapore's white house. except it's not a residence, it's a place for meetings. i have come here to meet lee kuan yew. he's the founder of modern singapore and a man much admired for making his city a prosperous country and an economic power. although some criticize his methods, he has no regrets for the choices he made to build singapore. i've interviewed him three times. he is 88 now and walks carefully. his beloved wife of 63 years, too, died last year. his son is the prime minister. the sharpness that made singapore is very much present. i've come here, like so many others, to talk about the world today, about america and china, about the middle east and asia and about singapore. he understand's life's clock
speak a hundred lungs of languages and come from all over the globe. in america we don't do language very well or culture very well. the largest somali population is in minute -- minneapolis. we've got kids speaking multiple languages so these businesses have begun to say i get it and they'll hire a few for the summer and help get through college. i think we've got to talk about an asset-based way of having a diverse community. >> charlie: mayors and their cities when we continue. but this isn't just a hollywood storyline. it's happening every day, all across america. every time a storefront opens. or the midnight oil is burned. or when someone chases a dream, not just a dollar. they are small business owners. so if you wanna root for a real hero, support small business. shop small. additional funding provided by these funders: captioning sponsored by rose communications from our studios in new york city, this is charlie rose. >> tonight a distinguished group of mayors look at cities, the urban experience with all of its possibilities and challenges. they face tough decisions, how
about higher education in america. he and his investors have turned around a half a dozen colleges that now enroll close to 40,000 students. there are people who would say, look, this guy, michael clifford, he never went to college, he was a musician, he sort of drifted around, he had a born-again experience. do you have the credibility, do you have the bona fides to be determining the future of colleges around the country? >> no, i don't, but i'm doing it, and i think that's the great thing. only in america. i mean, my new book is called "how to run a college by a guy that never went to one." >> smith: and clifford doesn't act alone. he attracts some of america's biggest investors, like former g.e. chairman jack welch. according to the wall street journal, welch invested $2 million in one of clifford's schools. >> i invest in bonds and other things. invest in all these widgets i invest in, private equity. or invest in a school. hi, i'm jack welch. it's education for profit. i like this investment more than any one i got. >> ( laughs ).=miu/b >> smith: traditional colleges raise c
across america. every time a storefront opens. or the midnight oil is burned. or when someone chases a dream, not just a dollar. they are small business owners. so if you wanna root for a real hero, support small business. shop small. captioning sponsored by rose communications from our studios in new york city, this is charlie rose. >> rose: we begin with congressman peter king's hearings in washington. king, the new york republican and house homeland security committee chairman began the day by defending his inquiry and vowing to go on. >> let me make it clear today that i remain convinced that these hearings must go forward and they will. to back down would be a craven surrender to political correctness and an abdication of what i believe should be the main responsibility of this committee: to protect america from a terrorist attack. despite what passes for conventional wisdom in certain circles, there's nothing radical or un-american in holding these hearings. indeed, congressional investigation of muslim american radicalization is the logical response to the repeated and urgent
strongholds, as they prepare for a bigger government onslaught. >> america, and nato, france, this is our country. >> there is much diplomatic talk, but no agreement on what to do next. the arab uprising reached the saudi kingdom. we have a special report. welcome to bbc world news. the pope has been a new book about jesus christ and there are surprising revelations. and we journey to australia to find out why the kangaroo has such a balance in its step. -- such a bounce in its step. in libya, colonel gaddafi's troops are still bombarding rebel-held areas from the air and the ground. one of his sons has said that government forces will unleash a full-scale assault. any international integration -- any international intervention will not be a piece of cake, and will fail. the rebels and those following them are easy targets on an open road in in the desert. this was near the oil camp. and they weren' forced back. the rebels have gone up and down this road, but to get off the forces have more firepower. -- in the khaddafi forces have more firepower. >> where is everybody? we need more help.
a hollywood storyline, it is happening every day all across america, every time a storefront opens, or the midnight oil is is burn and when someone chase as dream, not just a dollar, they are small business owners, so if you want to root for a real hero, small busi,or smal business, shop small. >> additional funding provided by these funders. >> and by bloomberg a provider of multimedia news an information services worldwide. >> captioning sponsored by rose communications from our studios in new york city, this is charlie rose. >> good evening, i am al hunt of bloomberg news, filling in for charlie whose who is on assignment in jakarta, indonesia. >> president obama addressed the nation monday evening to defend the libya, the assault on libya. >> libya at this particular moment, we were faced with the prospect of violence on a horrific scale. we had a unique ability to stop that violence, an international mandate for action, a broad coalition prepared to join us, the support of arab countries and a plea for help from the libyan people themselves. we also have the ability to stop qa
. >> the u.s. energy secretary said the crisis seems to have been more serious than america's worst nuclear accident in 1979. this is down to a small rotating team of workers. what are their options for bringing the crisis under control. a neat row of reactors, have the power station used to look. compare it to the picture today. in the middle of the picture a cloud of steam from one unit. today came the first official assessment from outside japan of how bad things really are. worse than america's most serious nuclear reactor sent -- nuclear accident. >> as they are unfolding rapidly and conflicting reports, so we don't know in detail what is happening. >> we have a state of emergency declared. some radioactivity was released but it involved just one reactor and not four. the range of options for attacking the crisis is shrinking. they are pumping in water to cool the reactors. the aim is to keep water flowing through to reduce temperatures but this creates steam and too much could trigger an explosion. another option is to deploy it more workers but that is hazardous. reactor three is get
in the u.s. government. america is still strong and the economy is growing, and we have perhaps 30 or 40 billion dollars worth of u.s. treasury bills. but those are shorter maturity obligations. so the argument really that we have is really a one of valuation. we simply think that longer dated treasury yields, and to cite a few examples, two-year at 70 basis, and five-year treasuries at 2% plus or minus simply are not reflective of where they should be or eventually going. if yields in longer dated segments then prices move lower. so it's not a negative thing in terms of the u.s., it's simply a overevaluation in terms of price. >> susie: so what would make you a buyer again? where would you have to see the yields on these various bonds? >> well, historicly, susie, let's take a 10-year treasury, today they had an auction, a yield of around 3.5%. historicly when the u.s. economy is growing in nominal terms, that means real growth plus inflation, close to 5%, which is what it's doing now, the 10-year treasury has yielded about 5%. now it means that it's yielding 1.5% less than it should. an
emphasize emerging asia, and i like korea in particular. i would emphasize latin america where i like brazil in particular. >> susie: all right that was the question i was going to ask you. you jump add head of me i was talking to a money manager today who was saying that he is less worried about japan and more worried about what's going on in the middle east in libya and bahrain and with oil prices. does that concern you? do you agree with what he is saying? >> oh, of course. if oil were to suddenly become unavailable and prices were to spike, say back to where they were three years agoing when they hit roughly 150 dollars a barrel f that were to happen overnight t would strike a pretty tough blow if he world economy and world market. but if all we have is more of the same and i do think that's what's more likely, just more of the same anxieties, but nothing dramatically changes, then i think we'll cope with it. as long as we have time to adjust to gradually higher oil prices rather than to have to deal with suddenly sharply higher prices overnight. >> susie: now, stu, some people are still
was in the midst of one of the biggest financial crises ever to hit south america. now it is one of the world's fastest-growing economies alongside china and india. figures out today show the economy grew at 9% last year. we have this report from one cyrus -- buenos aires. >> this is one of the busiest ports here. exports are rising. argentina is exporting more commodities to china and brazil. growth has not meant happiness for all. argentina has the second-highest rate of inflation in the americas after venezuela. some small businesses suffer because of it. >> everything goes up in price. we try not to put it in our final prices. that is a problem because our rent -- every day, it is less what we gain. >> inflation means higher wage demands and therefore higher costs. the official rate of inflation is about 10%. many economists say in reality, it is double this figure. that casts a cloud over the credibility of the growth. >> if you are underestimating the inflation rate, you will be overestimating the growth rate. it is quite likely that argentina's growth rate is not as high as the governm
for homosexuality in america, particularly in the military. he also talks about the clergy, catholic clergy and pope scandal, the priest scandal, all of the signs say things like, you know, pope in hell, thank god for dead soldiers. so they're quite offensive. but i have to say their work is not just at military funerals. they have protested at elizabeth edwards' funeral. they wanted to go to the funeral of the 9-year-old that was killed in the tucson massacre. they're out there a lot. they have a big very presence and their whole point is go to high-profile funerals -- gwen: and do outrageous things, which in this case are still protected. >> exactly. what the chief justice of the united states said was these are public issues. these are issues of a lot of debate having to do with military policy, catholic clergy and that's exactly why they should be protected. >> you don't see so many 8-1 slam dunks. what's with alito on this? what's his argument? gwen: justice alito was the one person who voted against it. >> justice samuel alito was the one dissenter and he also dissented last year on a big free
't manufacture pride, but pride builds great cars. and you'll find in the people at toyota, all across america. pacific life and by bnsf railway. and the william and flora hewlett foundation, working to solve social and environmental problems at home and around the world. and with the ongoing support of these institutions and foundations. and... this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> woodruff: more and more refugees crowded libya's borders with tunisia and egypt today. the u.n. estimated that 140,000 people-- most of them foreigners-- have fled the violence inside libya. and tunisian guards at a main crossing point fired into the air at times today, as they strained to maintain order. we have a report on the tunisian border from alex thomson of independent television news. >> reporter: desperate to get into tunisia and for some the wait is too much. manhandled over the frontier walls into the hands of the medics. on the wall they kick them, they hit them, but still plenty get throu
and traditional society. >> suarez: this country has the highest fertility rate in latin america. it's a distinction it would like to shed. we'll take a look at how. >> brown: judy woodruff examines what a cap on debit card fees would mean for consumers, banks, and retailers. >> ifill: and david brooks explores our inner lives in his new book, "the social animal." >> we're really good at talking about material things. really bad at talking about emotions, really good at stuff we can count. really bad at the deeper stuff that actually drives behavior. >> brown: that's all ahead on tonight's newshour. major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> oil companies have changed my country. >> oil companies can make a difference. >> we have the chance to build the economy. >> create jobs, keep people healthy, and improve schools. >> and our communities. >> in angola chevron helps train engineers, teachers and farmers, launch child's programs. it's not just good business. >> i'm hopeful about my country's future. >> it's my country's future. >> you can't manufacture pride, but p
, but pride builds great cars. and you'll find in the people at toyota, all across america. pacific life. and by bnsf railway. and the william and flora hewlett foundation, working to solve social and environmental problems at home and around the world. and with the ongoing support of these institutions and foundations. and... this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> ifill: japan suffered two major blows today, as a desperate effort continued to head off a nuclear crisis on the heels of a catastrophic earthquake and tsunami. a new explosion rocked a shut-uf down reactor at a plant thatat lost its cooling system in friday's disaster. and the u.n. nuclear agency warned a second reactor was failing as well. thousands of people had already been ordered out of a 12-mile exclusion zone around the plant. tod, ranotot 140,000 people 0,ving 12 to 20 miles away were lday to st indoors, and officials imposed a no-fly zone around the site. we have a series of reports from independent telev
every day, all across america. every time a storefront opens. or the midnight oil is burned. or when someone chases a dream, not just a dollar. they are small business owners. so if you wanna root for a real hero, support small business. shop small. captioning sponsored by rose communications from our studios in new york city, this is charlie rose. >> charlie: we continue our series of conversations about the mission in afghanistan. president obama has set this team to hand over securities for the national forces. speaking yesterday afghan president karzai outlined the first phase of that transfer. he named seven areas where afghan forces will assume primary responsibility this summer. their growing concern that the army and government may not be ready. a new report published today by the century foundation says the conflict has reached a stalemate, and that the only solution is a negotiated political settlement. it is called afghanistan negotiated peace. joining me now the two chairing ambassador lakhdar brahimi and ambassador thomas pickering. they have experience in this part of
than let's say in europe or asia or latin america. >> rose: there's another idea of the 21st century called american decline. >> uh-huh. >> rose: and joe snooi rises to say "not so fast." >> that's true. americans go through cycles of declinism every ten or 20 years. after sputnik the russians were ten feet tall. >> rose: and the japanese were ten feet tall. >> now the chinese are ten feet tall after the recession of 2008. we usually outgrow this. but the reason it's important is when you misunderstand what power relations are really like it can do two things. you can make us too fearful and it can make other countries like the chinese have hubris which makes them push in a ways which unproductive and get into trouble. >> rose: but you argue they've overextended themselves and their overconfidence about their relationship with the united states and they've made a lot of... >> rose: that's true. i was in beijing in both december and january talking with chinese friends and there is widespread view among many not just the people's liberation army and that the united states is in declin
interest of our kids. >> charlie: is this going to be at the beginning of some change in the way america looks at labor unions? >> i think that that change is taking place. >> charlie: that's question number one and it's unions number two. >> it's a difficult issue. on the one had the public and the polls show this are sympathetic to the rights of workers to organize and win for themselves a middle class life-style. but because of the dysfunctions of the negotiating between politicians and public employees, the public employees haven't been able to win themselves the wages they deserve but they've gotten these bloated healthcare and pension benefits and when the public looks at that, they say why are they getting that. >> charlie: so what's the answer to that. >> the answer is to bring those pension plans and healthcare more in line with the rest of the public. >> charlie: so you tell firemen and cops you're not going to get the pension plan that you expected? >> yes. you change the deal. especially you change it for new workers coming in. you make pensions more like the 401k's like t
. but this isn't just a hollywood storyline. it's happening every day, all across america. every time a storefront opens. or the midnight oil is burned. or when someone chases a dream, not just a dollar. they are small business owners. so if you wanna root for a real hero, support small business. shop small. additional funding provided by these funders: captioning sponsored by rose communications from our studios in w york city, this is charlie rose. >> rose: we begin this evening with the crisis in libya. last night, the u.n. security council adopted a resolution giving broad backing to military action against all threats to civilians. the resolution also demanded a no-fly zone across the country. hours later libya's foreign minister announced an immediate cease-fire. >> i'm taking into consideration that libya is a full member of the u.n.. we accept that it's obliged to accept the u.n. security council resolution. therefore, libya has decided an immediate cease-fire and the stoppage of all military oppreson. >> rose: secretary of state hillary clinton said the government now needs t
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